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WILLIAM VOX HU>IEOLZ>T.
Carlsbad decrees disgusted him ; lie declared tLem to
be Infamous, unnatural, and insulting1 to the nation,
and did not hesitate violently to oppose the ijiinisiry.
He united himself with the high chancellor Ton
Bevme? and, supported "by the minister of war, YOB
Boyen, commenced an opposition to the ministry,
"which lie continued perseveringly and systematically,
and in which lie violently attacked Hardenbt-T^
and Bernstorff for their in the Carlsbad
In Ms first attack^ he a of
state, a minister of foreign
if lie ventured to promise to Prussian
to foreign legislatures. He demanded
the minister Bernstoitf be impeached, the whole
lie annulled, and proposed at the same
that such projects should in future always be first
submitted, to tie ministry. TMs acco^sation \ras re-
ceived very ungraciously by Ms majesty.
In the second, attack, the point was treated. politi-
cally., and the decrees declared to be with.
the powers of the diet, and it was alleged that such
measures gave the diet a power fatal to Prussia's in-
dependence, and therefore proposed the non-acceptance
of these decrees by Prussia. This took place in
October., 1819, The consequences only followed at
the end of the year, which proves that they were pre-
ceded by some difficulties.
Such an attack was unprecedented in the annals of
Prussia. It was feared that the whole ministry would
"be away by Humboldt's eloquence, if ener-
getic steps were mot taken. Hardenberg, therefore,
coalesced with Ms former opponent the Prinee
"Wittgenstein, to oppose BEumboldt. Wittgenstein
proved to the chancellor the opposition^, be
nndeimiaed. The whole nobility was ; the
cabinets of Vienna and Petersburg^ who only wished
for the overthrow of the opposition,, not idle.
The Prussians hated Humboldt Austria
was alarmed : a few more like this one of